Bronze Sculpture, Male Riding a Horse, Attire Worn In The 17th-Century
Bronze Sculpture, Male Riding a Horse, Reminiscent Of Attire Worn In The 17th-Century, Base Made Of Mulga Wood.
"All for one, and one for all!" is an expression most people recognize, and it comes from Alexandre Dumas' celebrated 1844 novel, The Three Musketeers. But did you know many of the characters existed in real life?
This first company of musketeers was created by Louis XIII in 1622. It was his personal guard, established by his father Henry IV under the name “Carabineers” because these guards carried carbines. Louis XIII replaced the carbines with muskets and it was at this moment that the company became known as the “Musketeers”.
D'Artagnan was loosely based on Charles de Batz-Castelmore. Unlike his fictional counterpart, he served Louis XIV and Cardinal Mazarin rather than their predecessors, Louis XIII and Richelieu. He was highly skilled and rose through the ranks to become Captain of the Musketeers. The "real" D'Artagnan died in service in 1673 at the Siege of Maestricht.
Isaac de Porthau, a member of the Musketeers, influenced the character of Porthos. He was also a cousin of M. de Treville and Athos. He was, like D'Artagnan, born in Gascony. He eventually resigned from the Musketeers and became a political secretary.
Aramis was Henri d'Aramitz, another Musketeer, also related to de Porthau and de Sillegue d'Athos through his uncle, de Treville. His uncle called him to Paris to become a Musketeer on account of his remarkable swordsmanship. In later life, he retired to become a priest.
Monsieur de Treville was based on the historical Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Compte de Troisville (or Treville). A Gascon born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, he was the son of an old military family ennobled only in 1607 by the purchase of a seigneurie (Trois Villes). Treville entered the royal army as a young cadet, and by virtue of his great skill as a soldier, a duelist and a courtier, became commander of the king's Musketeers in 1624. He recruited many of his relatives (see above) as Musketeers. He was involved in a plot to assassinate Cardinal Richelieu in 1642 and was thereafter banished by the King.
King Louis XIII ruled France from 1610 (upon the assassination of his father, Henry IV) until his death in 1643. He married Anne of Austria, daughter of King Phillip III of Spain, in 1615. They were both 14 years old. Though theirs was not a happy marriage, it did produce a son, the future Louis XIV. Louis XIII ruled France, initially with the unwanted help of his mother, Marie de Medici, and later, with the trusted help of his chief minister and right-hand man, Cardinal Richelieu.
Queen Anne of Austria was the daughter of King Phillip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. She and her husband, Louis XIII, did not have their first child, Louis XIV until Anne was thirty-seven years old. She was generally considered to be brilliant, cunning and beautiful (her hands especially), with a love for magnificent jewellery. She became Queen Regent upon the death of Louis XIII until their son came of age in 1651.
Milady de Winter was probably based on Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle. An Englishwoman, she used her wit and beauty to her benefit in many intrigues during the English Civil War. She was romanced briefly by the Duke of Buckingham, who threw her over in favour of Anne of Austria. In revenge, she became an agent of Cardinal Richelieu and worked to sabotage the treaty between France and England. She was imprisoned for political reasons following the beheading of Charles I in England.
The Duke of Buckingham, also known as George Villiers, was a favourite of James I of England. His appointment as Duke of Buckingham made him the highest-ranking noble outside of the royal family. He retained his post under James' successor, Charles I. A series of failed military campaigns seriously damaged his reputation, and he was eventually murdered by John Felton, one of his own soldiers.
Cardinal Richelieu was born in Paris in 1585. In 1606 he was appointed Bishop of Luçon, and in 1622 he became a Cardinal. Richelieu was appointed France's Secretary of State for foreign affairs in 1616 and became France's prime minister and head of the royal council in 1624. Richelieu was successful in helping King Louis XIII solidify his authority in France, which he did through force and political repression. During his service as prime minister, he helped France become the leading power in Europe.
Mulga is a truly amazing plant. Among the acacias, many of which are relatively short-lived, it is a species with a long life. It is also a good fodder tree, its wood is valuable for a variety of purposes and the tree grows in many parts of Australia.
In favourable conditions, young plants will grow at a rate of 1 metre every 10 years until the tree reaches its maximum height of 10 metres. Reduced rainfall or drought conditions will slow down this process or bring it to a temporary halt, which means that a mature tree will usually be more than 100 years old. The counting of growth rings on felled trees has revealed the stunning number of 150-240 rings in stems of only 25 cm in diameter. In their lifetime these trees would have experienced a number of drought years when no growth rings develop and therefore grew older in years than the exact number of growth rings indicate.
Item Code - BRO2C442DA
Width: 11 3/4" Height: 8 1/8" Depth: 4 3/8" Weight: 1.526 kg
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